Amla, also known as Indian gooseberry, is a small to medium-sized tree native to India. The tree is highly valued for its medicinal properties and is an important ingredient in many Ayurvedic formulations. In addition to its medicinal properties, amla is also a popular fruit that is consumed fresh or dried in many parts of India. It is a hardy tree that can grow in a variety of soil types and is well-suited for growing in Indian gardens.
|Scientific name||Phyllanthus emblica|
|Canopy spread||10-12 meters|
|Years for fruiting||6-7 years|
|Fruits per tree||150-300 fruits per tree|
Different varieties that can be planted
There are several varieties of amla that can be planted in Indian gardens. Some popular varieties include NA-7, Chakaiya, Banarsi, Krishna, Kanchan, and Francis. The choice of variety will depend on factors such as climate, soil type, and personal preference.
Soil and water conditions for the best growth
Amla trees grow well in well-drained soils that are rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for amla cultivation is between 6.0 and 8.5. The tree can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy loam, red soil, and laterite soil. Adequate water supply is essential for the growth and development of amla trees. The tree requires regular watering, especially during the dry season.
How to take care of the plant
Amla trees require regular pruning to maintain their shape and promote the growth of new shoots. Pruning should be done in the winter months after the fruiting season is over. The tree also requires regular fertilization to ensure healthy growth and fruit production. A balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 10:10:10 is recommended. Amla trees are also susceptible to pests and diseases, and regular monitoring is essential to detect and treat any issues promptly.
Which part of the garden should it be planted?
Amla trees should be planted in an area of the garden that receives full sun exposure. The tree can be grown as a standalone specimen or as part of an orchard. Amla trees have a shallow root system, and care should be taken to ensure that the roots do not dry out. The tree should be planted in a well-drained location to avoid waterlogging.
Fruiting year and yield
Amla trees generally start fruiting in 3-4 years, and full production is achieved in 8-10 years. The tree can produce up to 300-500 fruits per year, depending on the variety and growing conditions. The fruit is ready for harvesting in late autumn or early winter, and the fruit should be harvested when fully ripe.
Amla is a valuable addition to any Indian garden. The tree is easy to grow and maintain and produces a highly nutritious fruit that is used in many traditional Indian dishes. With proper care and attention, amla trees can provide a steady supply of fruit for many years, making it a worthwhile investment for any gardener.