Bell peppers 

Bell peppers, also known as capsicum, are an excellent vegetable to grow in an Indian kitchen garden. These colorful and versatile vegetables can be used in a variety of dishes, from stir-fries to salads, and can be eaten raw or cooked. In this article, we will discuss how to grow bell peppers in your kitchen garden, including the different varieties that can be grown in India, soil conditions needed, caring in different weeks, harvest time, and how much you can expect to harvest from a small kitchen garden.

NameBell peppers
Scientific NameCapsicum annuum
Weeks to Grow8-12 weeks
Harvest per Plant2-3 kgs

Varieties that can be grown in India 

There are several varieties of bell peppers that can be grown in India. Some popular varieties include California Wonder, Yolo Wonder, and Golden California Wonder. These varieties are known for their large, sweet, and crunchy fruit and are perfect for Indian cooking. You can find these varieties at your local nursery or online seed store.

Soil conditions needed 

Bell peppers grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for growing bell peppers is between 6.0 and 6.8. Before planting, it’s important to prepare the soil by adding compost or well-rotted manure. This will help to improve soil fertility and provide the nutrients that the peppers need to grow.

Caring in different weeks

1-2: Once you have planted your bell pepper seedlings, make sure to keep the soil moist by watering them regularly. You can also add a layer of mulch around the plants to help retain moisture.

Week 3-4: By this time, your pepper plants should have started to develop leaves. It’s important to keep the soil around the plants weed-free to prevent competition for nutrients.

Week 5-6: As your plants continue to grow, you can start to apply a balanced fertilizer every two weeks to provide them with the nutrients they need to thrive.

Week 7-8: By this time, your plants should have started to produce fruit. It’s important to keep the soil moist and to continue to fertilize the plants every two weeks.

Week 9-10: As your peppers continue to grow, you may need to support the plants with stakes or cages to prevent them from falling over. It’s also important to continue to water and fertilize the plants regularly.

Harvest time 

Bell peppers can be harvested when they are fully mature and have reached their desired size. This usually occurs around 60-90 days after planting, depending on the variety. You can tell when a pepper is ready to be harvested by its color; green peppers are immature, while red, yellow, and orange peppers are fully mature.

How much can one harvest from a small kitchen garden? 

The amount of peppers you can expect to harvest from a small kitchen garden will depend on several factors, such as the size of your garden and the number of plants you have. On average, you can expect to harvest around 6-8 peppers per plant. If you have a small garden with 5-6 plants, you can expect to harvest around 30-40 peppers over the course of the growing season.


Growing bell peppers in your Indian kitchen garden is a great way to enjoy fresh, delicious, and nutritious produce. By choosing the right varieties, preparing the soil properly, and providing your plants with the care they need, you can expect to harvest a bountiful crop of sweet, crunchy peppers. So why not give it a try and enjoy the many benefits of growing your own produce at home?

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