Custard apple, also known as Annona squamosa, is a tropical fruit tree that is widely cultivated in India for its delicious and nutritious fruit. This evergreen tree is native to the West Indies and Central America and can grow up to 10 meters in height. The fruit of this tree is sweet and juicy, with a creamy texture that resembles custard.
|Years for fruiting
|Fruits per tree
|50-200 depending on age and variety
Different varieties that can be planted
There are several varieties of custard apple that can be planted in Indian gardens. Some of the popular varieties include Balanagar, African Pride, Kaveri, Arka Sahan, and Arka Aruna.
Soil and water conditions for the best growth
Custard apple trees thrive in well-drained soils that are rich in organic matter. The pH of the soil should be between 6.0 and 7.0. The tree requires regular watering, especially during the dry season. However, it is important not to overwater the tree as it can lead to root rot.
How to take care of the plant
To ensure the healthy growth of custard apple trees, it is important to provide them with adequate nutrition. Fertilizers rich in potassium and phosphorus should be applied to the soil during the growing season. Pruning should be done regularly to remove dead or damaged branches and to promote the growth of new shoots.
Which part of the garden should it be planted?
Custard apple trees should be planted in a sunny location with well-drained soil. The tree can grow up to 10 meters in height, so it is important to plant it in an area that has enough space for it to grow. The tree should be protected from strong winds and should be planted away from other trees to prevent competition for resources.
Fruiting year and yield
Custard apple trees usually start bearing fruit after three to four years of planting. The tree can produce up to 200 fruits per tree per year, depending on the variety and growing conditions. The fruit ripens between August and November and should be harvested when it turns yellowish-green.
Custard apple is a delicious and nutritious fruit that is easy to grow in Indian gardens. By providing the tree with the right growing conditions and care, you can ensure a bountiful harvest of sweet and juicy fruit.