Flame of the forest tree

Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma) is a tree species native to the Indian subcontinent. The tree is famous for its stunning display of orange-red flowers that bloom in spring, just before the onset of summer. The tree is commonly found in forests, gardens, and roadsides, where it adds to the natural beauty of the surroundings.

NameFlame of the forest tree
Scientific nameButea monosperma
Height15-20 meters
Canopy spread10-15 meters
Benefits1. Used in Ayurvedic medicine for its anti-inflammatory properties <br> 2. Provides shade and shelter for birds and animals <br> 3. Its wood is used for making furniture and decorative items <br> 4. Its flowers are used for dyeing and making perfumes

Different Varieties that can be Planted

Butea monosperma is a single species, and there are no different varieties of the plant.

Soil and Water Conditions for Best Growth

The Flame of the Forest tree can grow in various types of soil, including sandy, loamy, and clay soil. However, the soil should be well-drained to avoid waterlogging, which can harm the plant’s roots. The tree prefers full sun exposure and needs moderate watering during the growing season. However, it can tolerate drought once established.

How to Take Care of the Plant

The Flame of the Forest tree is relatively low maintenance and easy to grow. Here are a few tips to take care of the plant:

Prune the tree in the dormant season to remove dead, damaged, or diseased branches.

Mulch the tree base with organic matter such as compost or leaf litter to retain soil moisture and control weeds.

Fertilize the tree with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer once a year in the spring.

Water the tree regularly during the first year of planting to establish the roots, and then reduce watering gradually.

Which Part of the Garden Should it be Planted?

The Flame of the Forest tree is a medium to large-sized tree and should be planted in spacious gardens with adequate sunlight. The tree requires enough space to spread its branches, and its deep roots may cause damage to surrounding structures if planted too close.

Maturity Year

The Flame of the Forest tree reaches maturity after 6 to 8 years of growth. After this, the tree can bloom every year with its vibrant flowers.

Benefits from the Tree

Apart from being an ornamental tree, Flame of the Forest has various benefits:

Medicinal uses: The tree has traditional medicinal uses, such as treating respiratory disorders, fever, and wounds.

Attracts Pollinators: The tree’s flowers are a rich source of nectar, which attracts various pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and birds.

Soil Conservation: The tree’s deep roots can help control soil erosion and stabilize soil.

Timber: The tree’s wood is durable and can be used for making furniture and other wooden items.


The Flame of the Forest tree is an excellent addition to any Indian garden due to its stunning flowers and multiple benefits. Growing this tree in your garden can add to the natural beauty of your surroundings while also providing various benefits to the environment and human health.

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