Garlic is a widely used kitchen garden vegetable in India, known for its strong aroma and flavor. It has been used for its medicinal and culinary properties for centuries. Growing garlic in your own kitchen garden is a great way to ensure a steady supply of fresh and flavorful garlic for your culinary needs.

Scientific NameAllium sativum
NutritionRich in vitamin C, vitamin B6, and manganese. Also contains trace amounts of other nutrients.
Months/SeasonTypically grown in fall, winter, or early spring. Can also be planted in early summer for a fall harvest.
Weeks to Grow7-8 weeks
Harvest per plant in kgs0.5-1 kg

Varieties of Garlic that can be grown in India

There are two types of garlic that can be grown in India – softneck and hardneck. Softneck varieties are the most commonly grown in India, and include the Kasturi and Poona varieties. Hardneck varieties, such as the Rocambole and Purple Stripe, are less commonly grown, but can be grown in cooler regions of the country.

Season/Months for Growing Garlic

Garlic is usually planted during the fall season, between September and November, before the onset of winter. The cool temperatures and short daylight hours during this time stimulate the growth of the bulb.

Soil Conditions and Temperature Requirements

Garlic prefers well-drained, loamy soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. The soil should be rich in organic matter, and should be watered regularly. The ideal temperature range for growing garlic is between 15°C and 30°C.

Caring for Garlic

In the first few weeks after planting, the garlic should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist. As the plant grows, it should be weeded regularly to prevent competition for nutrients. Garlic also benefits from the application of a balanced fertilizer during the growing season.

Harvest Time

Garlic is usually ready to be harvested between February and April, around 6-8 months after planting. The leaves will begin to yellow and dry out, indicating that the bulbs are ready to be harvested.

Nutrition in Garlic

Garlic is known for its many health benefits. It is rich in antioxidants and contains several vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, and manganese. Garlic is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help lower cholesterol levels.

Harvest Yield

One clove of garlic can produce one bulb of garlic. Depending on the size of the kitchen garden, one can expect a yield of around 2-3 kg of garlic per square meter.


Growing garlic in your kitchen garden is a great way to ensure a fresh and steady supply of this flavorful vegetable. With the right soil conditions, temperature, and care, you can expect a bountiful harvest of garlic bulbs in a few months. Garlic not only adds flavor to your dishes, but also provides several health benefits, making it a valuable addition to your kitchen garden.

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