Green beans, also known as French beans, are a popular vegetable in Indian cuisine. These versatile beans are used in a variety of dishes, including curries, stir-fries, and salads. Growing green beans in your kitchen garden is an excellent way to ensure a constant supply of fresh, organic beans throughout the year.
|Name||Green Beans (French Beans)|
|Scientific Name||Phaseolus vulgaris|
|Nutrition||Rich in vitamins A, C, and K, fiber, and folate. They also contain minerals like iron, potassium, and magnesium. Green beans are low in calories and fat and can help promote a healthy digestive system.|
|Months / Season it’s Grown||Green beans can be grown in India throughout the year, but the best time to plant them is during the winter season.|
|Weeks it Takes to Grow||Green beans take around 6-8 weeks to mature and produce pods.|
|Harvest per Plant in Kgs||A mature green bean plant can yield up to 2-3 kgs of beans in a season, but the yield may vary depending on the plant’s age, variety, and growing conditions.|
List of Varieties
In India, there are several varieties of green beans that can be grown in a kitchen garden. Some popular varieties include Contender, Kentucky Wonder, Blue Lake, and Provider.
Which Season / Months can Green Beans be Grown in India?
Green beans can be grown in India throughout the year, but the best time to plant them is during the winter season. The cool weather and moderate sunlight provide the perfect growing conditions for these beans.
Soil Conditions and Temperature Needed
Green beans prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal pH range for the soil is between 6.0 to 7.5. The plant thrives in warm temperatures, and the temperature range should be between 18 to 26 degrees Celsius.
Caring in Different Weeks
Week 1-2: After planting the green beans, ensure that the soil is moist at all times. Water the plant every other day, and avoid over-watering.
Week 3-4: Once the plant has established roots, reduce the watering frequency to once a week. Fertilize the plant with a balanced fertilizer.
Week 5-6: Remove any weeds that have grown around the plant. Add a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plant to retain moisture and suppress weed growth.
Week 7-8: Monitor the plant for any pest or disease problems. Trellis the plants to provide support as they grow taller.
Green beans can be harvested once the pods have reached their full size but are still tender. The beans should be picked every 2-3 days to encourage the plant to produce more. The beans can be harvested for up to 8 weeks.
Nutrition in the Fruit
Green beans are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are low in calories and fat, making them an excellent addition to a healthy diet.
How much can one harvest from a small kitchen garden?
A mature green bean plant can yield up to 2-3 kgs of beans in a season. However, the yield may vary depending on the plant’s age, variety, and growing conditions.
Growing green beans in your kitchen garden is an excellent way to ensure a steady supply of fresh, organic beans throughout the year. With proper care and maintenance, this versatile plant can thrive in any climate and soil type. By following the steps mentioned above, you can enjoy the delicious and nutritious green beans in your cooking.