Indian Cassod

The Indian Cassod tree, also known as Cassia siamea, is a tropical tree species that belongs to the Caesalpinaceae family. It is native to Southeast Asia, specifically in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. This deciduous tree is widely cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world for its ornamental and medicinal purposes.

Tree CharacteristicsDescription
Common NameCassod
Scientific nameCassia siamea
Native placeSoutheast Asia
Maximum height15-20 meters
Diameter of crown10-15 meters
Diameter of tree trunk60-90 centimeters
Years it takes to grow5-10 years

Physical Characteristics

The Indian Cassod tree can grow up to a height of 15-20 meters and has a canopy spread of 10-15 meters. Its bark is grey-brown and smooth, and the tree produces alternate leaves that are pinnate with 4-8 pairs of leaflets. The tree has a moderately dense branching pattern, and its wood is dark brown and hard.

Ecological Role

The Indian Cassod tree plays a vital ecological role in the ecosystem. It helps in preventing soil erosion by stabilizing the soil with its deep root system. The tree’s flowers attract a variety of pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, which aids in the pollination of other plant species.

Importance to Birds, Animals, and Insects

The Indian Cassod tree provides shelter and nesting sites for birds, while its leaves and seeds serve as food for various animals, including squirrels and birds. The tree is also an essential habitat for a variety of insects, including butterflies, moths, and bees.

Flower Description

The Cassia siamea, commonly known as Indian Cassod, produces clusters of beautiful and fragrant flowers. The flowers are bright yellow and have a unique shape, with five petals arranged in a flat open pattern. The petals are thin and delicate, and the flowers have a mild, sweet fragrance.

The flower clusters grow at the end of branches and are typically about 20-30 cm long. The individual flowers are relatively large, measuring about 3-4 cm across. The stamens of the flowers are also quite striking, with long, bright yellow filaments and a darker orange anther at the end.

The blooming season for Cassia siamea varies depending on the location, but it generally starts in late winter or early spring and can continue through the summer months. The flowers are known to attract various pollinators like bees, butterflies, and birds, which play a vital role in the tree’s reproductive cycle.

Can it be Grown in Homes?

Yes, the Indian Cassod tree can be grown in homes, as it is relatively easy to grow and maintain. It requires full sunlight and well-drained soil to thrive.

Bloom Time Months

The Indian Cassod tree blooms during the summer months, typically from June to August.


The Indian Cassod tree is a beautiful and versatile tree species that offers many benefits to the ecosystem and humans. Its attractive flowers, easy maintenance, and adaptability make it an excellent addition to any home garden or landscape.

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