Indian star tortoise

The Indian star tortoise is a species of tortoise that is endemic to India and Sri Lanka. These tortoises are characterized by their distinctive star-like pattern on their shell, which is made up of yellowish-tan lines radiating from a central point. They are small to medium-sized tortoises, with an average length of 15-20 cm and a weight of 1-2 kg.


Females of this species typically lay their eggs in underground nests that they dig in the soil. The number of eggs laid by Indian star tortoises can vary depending on the size and age of the female, as well as other factors such as food availability and environmental conditions. On average, females of this species lay between 3-5 eggs per clutch.

Habitat and food

In India, the Indian star tortoise is found in the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. They inhabit a variety of habitats, including dry deciduous forests, scrublands, grasslands, and even agricultural fields. They are also kept as pets in many households.

The Indian star tortoise is primarily a herbivore, feeding on a variety of plants and fruits. In captivity, they can also be fed on commercial tortoise diets, which provide a balanced nutritional intake.

IUCN status

The Indian star tortoise is listed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This species is threatened due to habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as poaching for the pet trade. The tortoises are often illegally traded to meet the demand for exotic pets in India and abroad.


Several conservation measures have been taken to protect the Indian star tortoise. The Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972, provides legal protection to this species, and its trade is strictly prohibited. In addition, several breeding and conservation programs have been established by the government and non-governmental organizations to help protect the species.

If you want to see Indian star tortoises in India, there are several places where they can be found in the wild. One such place is the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, which is home to a large population of Indian star tortoises. The best time to visit this sanctuary is between November and February, during the winter season. Other wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, such as Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, and Bannerghatta National Park, also have populations of Indian star tortoises.

In conclusion, the Indian star tortoise is a unique and fascinating species that is endemic to India and Sri Lanka. The tortoises are threatened due to habitat loss and poaching, but several conservation measures have been taken to protect them. If you want to see these tortoises in the wild, there are several places in India where they can be found, especially during the winter season. It is important to remember that these tortoises are protected under the law, and their trade is strictly prohibited.

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