Mango, the king of fruits, is a beloved fruit among many Indians, and it’s no wonder that it’s a common sight to see mango trees growing in Indian gardens. Growing a mango tree in your garden can be a delightful experience, and it’s not as difficult as you might think if you follow some basic steps.
|Scientific Name||Mangifera indica|
|Height||Mango trees can grow up to 100 feet tall, but are usually pruned to keep them between 20-30 feet tall|
|Canopy Spread||The canopy spread of a mature mango tree can range from 25 to 35 feet wide|
|Years for Fruiting||Mango trees typically start producing fruit 3-5 years after planting, but it can take up to 8 years for some varieties|
|Fruits per Tree||A mature mango tree can produce anywhere from 50 to 200 fruits per year, depending on the variety, age, and growing conditions|
Different Varieties of Mango Trees
There are many different varieties of mangoes available in India, each with its unique taste and texture. Some of the popular mango varieties that can be planted in Indian gardens include Alphonso, Kesar, Chaunsa, Dasheri, Langra, and Totapuri. It’s advisable to choose a variety that is best suited to your region’s climate and soil conditions.
Soil and Water Conditions
Mango trees grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should be slightly acidic, with a pH level of 5.5 to 7.5. The tree requires regular watering, especially during the growing season. It’s important to ensure that the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can cause root rot, and under-watering can result in stunted growth.
How to Take Care of the Plant
Mango trees require minimal maintenance, but it’s essential to take proper care of the plant to ensure healthy growth and a good yield. The tree should be fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The plant should also be pruned regularly to remove dead or diseased branches and to promote new growth. Additionally, it’s important to protect the tree from pests and diseases.
Which Part of the Garden Should it be Planted?
Mango trees require a lot of sunlight, so it’s best to plant them in an area of the garden that receives plenty of direct sunlight. They should also be planted in an area that is protected from strong winds and frost. Mango trees can grow quite large, so they require a lot of space to grow. It’s best to plant them at least 20 to 30 feet away from other trees or structures.
Fruiting and Yield
A mango tree typically takes three to five years to start fruiting, depending on the variety and growing conditions. Once the tree starts fruiting, it can produce a yield of 50 to 200 fruits per year, depending on the tree’s size and age.
Growing a mango tree in your garden can be a rewarding experience, and with the right care, it can provide you with a bountiful harvest of delicious fruit. By selecting the right variety, providing the tree with adequate water and nutrients, taking proper care of the plant, and planting it in the right location, you can enjoy the sweet taste of fresh mangoes straight from your garden.