India is home to a diverse range of snake species, including both venomous and non-venomous snakes. Non-venomous snakes in India play an essential role in the ecosystem as they help control the population of other small animals like rodents, lizards, and frogs. Some of the most commonly found non-venomous snake species in India include the Indian rat snake, common kukri snake, checkered keelback, and common wolf snake. These snakes are typically harmless to humans, and their presence can actually be beneficial as they help maintain the balance of nature. However, it is still important to exercise caution and avoid disturbing snakes in the wild, as they can still bite if provoked.
|Name||Indian Rat Snake|
|Scientific Name||Ptyas mucosa|
|Colour||Brownish-grey to yellowish-brown, with black and white patches|
|Length||Average length of 6-8 feet, can grow up to 10 feet|
|Habitat||Forests, grasslands, farmlands, and urban areas|
|Food Habits||Rats, mice, and other small mammals|
|Indian States where it’s found||Almost all parts of India, including Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala|
|IUCN status||Least Concern|
India is home to an extensive variety of wildlife, including a large number of snake species. One of the most commonly found snakes in India is the India rat snake, scientifically known as Ptyas mucosa. Also called the Oriental rat snake, this snake species is widespread across India and is known for its unique features, habitat, and importance to the ecosystem.
The India rat snake is a large snake species with an average length of 6-8 feet, although it can grow up to 10 feet in some cases. It is a non-venomous snake that has a slender and elongated body, making it agile and fast. The colour of the India rat snake varies from brownish-grey to yellowish-brown, with black and white patches on the skin. It has a relatively lightweight body that allows it to move quickly, and it can reach a maximum speed of up to 10 miles per hour.
Habitat and food
The India rat snake is a versatile snake species that can adapt to various habitats, including forests, grasslands, farmlands, and even urban areas. They are mainly found in the Indian subcontinent, including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The India rat snake is a diurnal snake species, which means it is most active during the day. Its diet consists mainly of rats, mice, and other small mammals, making it a valuable predator that helps keep the rodent population in check.
Where is it found in India
In India, the India rat snake is widely distributed and can be found in almost all parts of the country, from the Himalayan foothills to the southern tip of India. It is commonly found in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, among others.
Importance to ecosystem
The India rat snake is a crucial species in the ecosystem as it plays a vital role in maintaining the balance of nature. It preys on rodents that can cause significant damage to crops, making it a valuable predator for farmers. Moreover, the India rat snake also helps control the population of other small animals like lizards, birds, and frogs, thereby maintaining the food chain’s equilibrium.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the India rat snake is classified as a species of “Least Concern” because of its widespread distribution and relatively stable population. However, habitat loss due to human activities, such as deforestation and urbanization, can pose a threat to the snake’s survival.
The India rat snake is a unique and versatile snake species that is an integral part of the Indian ecosystem. Its presence helps maintain the balance of nature and contributes to the overall biodiversity of the country. Despite being non-venomous, the India rat snake is a fast and agile predator that plays a crucial role in controlling the rodent population. As with all wildlife, it is essential to protect the India rat snake’s natural habitat to ensure its survival and continued contribution to the ecosystem.