Red chili is a popular vegetable that is widely used in Indian cuisine. It not only adds flavor to dishes but also has several health benefits. Growing red chili in your kitchen garden is a great way to ensure that you have fresh, organic produce at your disposal.
|Scientific name||Capsicum annuum|
|Nutrition||Red chili is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin A, and antioxidants. It also contains capsaicin, which has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.|
|Months / season it’s grown||Red chili can be grown in India throughout the year, but the best time to plant it is during the summer months, from March to June.|
|Weeks it takes to grow||Red chili typically takes between 10 to 12 weeks to grow from seedling to fruiting stage.|
|Harvest per plant in kgs||One red chili plant can yield around 0.5-1 kg of fruit, depending on the variety and growing conditions.|
List of Varieties
There are many varieties of red chili that can be grown in Indian kitchen gardens. Some of the popular ones include Bird’s Eye, Bhut Jolokia, Sannam, Byadgi, and Kashmiri chili.
Season and Months for Growing:
Red chili can be grown in India throughout the year, but the best time to plant it is during the summer months, from March to June.
Soil Conditions and Temperature
Red chili plants require well-drained, fertile soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5. The ideal temperature for growing red chili is between 20 to 30°C. It is important to ensure that the soil is moist but not waterlogged, as excess water can cause root rot.
Caring in Different Weeks
Week 1-2: After planting the seeds, ensure that the soil is kept moist. Once the seedlings emerge, thin them out to one per pot or space them out 30 cm apart in the garden bed.
Week 3-4: Apply a balanced fertilizer to the soil to help the plants grow.
Week 5-6: As the plants start to grow taller, provide support with stakes or trellises to prevent them from falling over.
Week 7-8: Watch out for pests and diseases, such as aphids and powdery mildew. Use organic insecticides and fungicides to control them.
Red chili can be harvested when the fruits turn fully ripe and start to dry on the plant. This is usually between 75 to 90 days after planting. The fruits can be picked individually or the entire plant can be harvested at once.
Nutrition in the Fruit
Red chili is an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin A, and antioxidants. It also contains capsaicin, which has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.
Harvest in a Small Kitchen Garden
One red chili plant can yield around 0.5-1 kg of fruit, depending on the variety and growing conditions. With proper care and maintenance, a small kitchen garden can provide a sufficient amount of red chili for a family’s consumption.
Growing red chili in your kitchen garden can be a fun and rewarding experience. With a little bit of care and attention, you can enjoy fresh and organic produce that is free from harmful chemicals. Try growing red chili in your kitchen garden and add a spicy twist to your favorite dishes!