Sweet corn is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that can be grown in the Indian kitchen garden. This versatile crop can be used in a variety of dishes, from salads and soups to main courses and side dishes. Growing sweet corn in your own backyard is a great way to ensure that you have access to fresh, organic produce throughout the year. In this article, we will discuss the different aspects of growing sweet corn in the Indian kitchen garden.
|Scientific name||Zea mays var. saccharata|
|Nutrition||Sweet corn is a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It contains high amounts of vitamin B6, potassium, and thiamin. Sweet corn is also rich in antioxidants, which help to prevent cellular damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.|
|Months / season it’s grown||October to February (winter months)|
|Weeks it takes to grow||Around 8-12 weeks|
|Harvest per plant in kgs||Approximately 2-3 kg per plant|
There are several varieties of sweet corn that can be grown in India, including American Sweet corn, Indian Sweet corn, and Super Sweet corn. Each of these varieties has its own unique characteristics, such as the size of the ears and the sweetness of the kernels. When choosing a variety to grow, it’s important to consider the climate and growing conditions in your region.
Season and Months
Sweet corn can be grown in India during the winter months from October to February, which is the best time for sowing the seeds. It is a warm-weather crop that thrives in temperatures ranging from 18°C to 30°C. In areas with mild winters, sweet corn can also be grown during the spring and summer months.
Soil and Temperature
Sweet corn prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal pH range for growing sweet corn is between 5.5 and 7.5. The soil should be moist but not waterlogged, and the temperature should be warm enough for germination to occur, which is around 18°C to 20°C.
Caring in Different Weeks
Week 1-2: During the first two weeks, keep the soil moist and free from weeds. Use a light fertilizer to promote healthy growth.
Week 3-4: The plants will start to develop leaves and stalks. Continue to water and fertilize as needed. Keep the area free from weeds.
Week 5-6: The plants will start to produce ears. Continue to water and fertilize regularly. Mulch around the plants to retain moisture.
Week 7-8: The ears will start to fill out. Reduce the frequency of watering to prevent the ears from becoming waterlogged. Check for pests and diseases regularly.
Sweet corn is ready to harvest when the kernels are plump and juicy, and the silk at the end of the ear has turned brown. This usually takes around 70-80 days from sowing. To harvest, simply twist the ear until it snaps off the stalk. Sweet corn is best consumed immediately after harvesting for maximum sweetness.
Sweet corn is a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It contains high amounts of vitamin B6, potassium, and thiamin. Sweet corn is also rich in antioxidants, which help to prevent cellular damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
Harvest in a Small Kitchen Garden
A single sweet corn plant can produce one or two ears, depending on the variety and growing conditions. In a small kitchen garden, you can expect to harvest around 2-3 ears per plant. However, this can vary depending on the size of the plant and the care provided.
Growing sweet corn in your Indian kitchen garden is a fun and rewarding experience that can provide you with fresh, organic produce throughout the year. By choosing the right variety, providing adequate care, and harvesting at the right time, you can enjoy the sweet, juicy taste of homegrown sweet corn. So why not give it a try and experience the joys of gardening today!