The neem tree, a highly popular multipurpose tree, holds great significance in India. It serves as a source of food and insecticide, contributing to various aspects of daily life. The tree’s bark exhibits a dark gray exterior and a reddish interior, characterized by deep fissures and flaking in old trees. Notably, the sap of the neem tree is colorless, sticky, and carries an unpleasant odor.
Furthermore, the neem tree’s leaves are compound, alternate, and tend to cluster near the ends of the branches. A mature neem tree has the potential to produce around 300 kilograms of leaves per year. This tree is renowned for its exceptional drought resistance, thriving in regions with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions and an annual rainfall ranging from 400 to 1,200 millimeters (16 to 47 inches). It can even grow in areas with annual rainfall below 400 millimeters.
Additionally, the neem tree exhibits adaptability to various soil types, although it flourishes best in well-drained, deep, and sandy soils. It finds optimal growth in dry and semi-arid regions, where it thrives rapidly with minimal care. With its numerous benefits and remarkable growth potential, the neem tree is being widely planted in large numbers, contributing to the pursuit of a healthier country.
Impact in Numbers
Carbon Fixed 300 Kgs.
CO2 reduction from the atmosphere by 1100 Kgs.
Increase in farmer income by 2000 INR per year after maturity.
Tree Dimensions on Maturity
|Maximum height of the tree (m)||25|
|Tree canopy spread (m)||20|
|Tree trunk diameter (inches)||20|
Value to the farmer
The neem tree offers a wide range of applications and benefits. In terms of food, the tender shoots and flowers of the neem tree are consumed as a vegetable in India, adding nutritional value to local cuisine. Additionally, various parts of the neem tree are highly sought after in the field of medicine, as they have been traditionally used for their therapeutic properties.
Moreover, the neem tree’s wood possesses exceptional hardness and resistance to insects, making it highly suitable for timber applications. It is also worth noting that neem plays a vital role in pest and disease control, serving as a key ingredient in non-pesticidal management (NPM) practices. Farmers utilize neem seeds by grinding them into a powder, which is then soaked overnight in water and sprayed on crops, providing a natural alternative to synthetic pesticides.
Additionally, neem products such as neem cake and oil find usage in organic farming. Ongoing research efforts continue to explore additional value derived from neem trees, expanding their potential applications in various domains.
Furthermore, the economic benefits for farmers are substantial, as almost all parts of the neem tree can be sold at a favorable price. This aspect contributes to the economic well-being of farmers, making the cultivation and utilization of neem trees a lucrative endeavor.
Plant a Neem Tree: About the Project
Once the project team distributes saplings to the farmers, they actively receive comprehensive technical knowledge on cultivating and nurturing the trees. This long-term initiative extends support to the farmers for a duration of 3 years, ensuring continuous assistance throughout their journey. Farmers are encouraged to join a group where they are enlightened about the benefits they can expect from growing these trees.
Furthermore, the trees provided to the farmers are an integral part of a larger set aimed at improving their economic status. By fostering the growth of these trees, farmers have the opportunity to enhance their livelihoods and achieve greater financial stability. The project emphasizes the advantages of tree cultivation, ensuring that farmers are well informed about the potential benefits and empowering them to make informed decisions. This comprehensive support system contributes to the long-term economic growth and prosperity of the farmers.
The project team evidently and actively geotags the trees, enabling precise tracking of their locations. GPS technology is utilized to accurately mark the area boundaries. Notably, farmer details, along with relevant images, are diligently captured to maintain a comprehensive record. All the data, including geotagging, farmer information, and images, is efficiently captured and securely stored through mobile apps directly from the field.
Additionally, the project calculates the annual carbon fixation by employing expert-developed equations specific to different tree species within the app and reports. This allows for accurate measurement of the carbon sequestration achieved by the trees. The project’s commitment to transparency is evident throughout the entire process, ensuring that data acquisition, storage, and analysis are conducted with utmost clarity and accountability. This transparency builds trust and confidence among stakeholders, facilitating effective decision-making and furthering the project’s objectives.
The project team actively measures the impact it creates for both wildlife and farmers. Regular intervals are designated for capturing comprehensive data that allows for a thorough assessment of the project’s effects. This data is then carefully analyzed by comparing it with the previous data. This comparative analysis provides valuable insights and enables a comprehensive evaluation of the project’s progress.
Furthermore, the measured changes are then compared against the planned results, providing a valuable benchmark for assessing the project’s effectiveness. This comparison subsequently allows for an accurate determination of whether the project is on track to achieve its intended goals. By monitoring and evaluating the impact on wildlife and farmers, the project team makes informed decisions and adjustments as necessary. Thereupon, ensuring the desired outcomes are realized and maximizing the benefits for all stakeholders involved.
The project reports are prepared and sent to the contributors. The report covers the following
1) Trees status as of the last visit made
2) Any mortality in the trees planted
3) Carbon fixed in MT from the start of the project
4) Economic impact on the farmers.
5) Ecological impact created.