Guava or Psidium guajava is an evergreen shrub or small sized tree that is widely cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The tree grows to a height of 33ft. approximately with spreading branches. The trunk is easily recognizable because of its copper coloured smooth bark that flakes off. The leaves are short petioled, evergreen, oval or somewhat oblong elliptic. The faintly fragrant white flowers have 4 to 5 petals that quickly shed.
The fruit can vary from yellow to light green in colour. Or round, pear shaped or oval in shape. The flesh within can be white, pink or red in hue depending and taste mouth watering when perfectly ripened. Cutting grafting and air layering are common ways of propagation.
Amazingly rich in anti oxidants, vitamin c, potassium and fiber, guava stands out as a remarkable nutrient content. It helps lower blood sugar levels, boosts heart health, relieve painful symptoms of menstruation, aids weight loss, have anticancer effects, boosts immunity and is good for skin. Along with supporting carbon fixing, farmers can be benefitted adequately through its agro forestry projects.
Impact in Numbers
Carbon Fixed 50 Kgs per tree.
CO2 reduction from atmosphere by 180 Kgs per tree.
Increase in farmers income by 5000 INR per tree per year upon fruiting
Economic value to the farmers
Guava is the fruit that is got from the tree. The fruit can be eaten by the farmer and family members or sold. The market price of guava keeps on increasing year on year. Also, a guava tree fruits 2 times in a year. This increases the revenue that the farmer can get from the trees that have been planted.
About the Project
Once the guava saplings are given to the farmers, they shall also be provided with the technical knowledge to grow and sell guava. The project is a long term one and support to the farmers shall be given for 3 years till the guava start to come in trees.
The trees are geotagged. The area boundary is marked using GPS. Farmer details along with the images. All the data is captured and stored through mobile apps directly from the field. Carbon fixing that is happening yearly is calculated by using the equations developed by the experts for different species in app and reports. Total transparency is maintained in getting the data, storing the data and analysing the data.
The impact that is being created by the project for wildlife and farmers is measured. All data is captured in regular intervals and the same is analysed by comparing with the previous data on the same parameters calculated a few months ago. The change is measured against the planned results.
The project reports are prepared and sent to the contributors. The report covers the following
1) Trees status as on the last visit made
2) Any mortality in the trees planted
3) Carbon fixed in MT from the start of the project
4) Economic impact on the farmers.
5) Ecological impact created.