Sapota (Manilkara zapota), also known as chikoo or sapodilla, is a fruit-bearing tree native to Central America and the Caribbean. The tree can grow up to 30 meters in height and produce a delicious, sweet fruit rich in vitamins and minerals. Moreover, it has become a common sight in the country, and farmers now plant them to earn a good amount of money by selling the fruits at a reasonable rate every year.
Furthermore, Sapota trees are ideal for the agroforestry model, where they can be planted in bunches or mixed with other trees to preserve nutrients in the soil and add variation to the landscape. Due to their importance in providing food and supporting biodiversity, they are grown in many areas of India. Additionally, planting sapota trees can help farmers enhance their income and also provide more food for birds and animals in the region.
Impact in Numbers
Carbon Fixed 100 Kgs.
CO2 reduction from the atmosphere by 400 Kgs.
Increase in farmer income by 5000 INR per year per tree after fruiting.
- Lucrative Market Demand: Sapodilla fruits have a lucrative market demand both locally and internationally, providing farmers with a profitable income stream. Moreover, the delicious and sweet flavor of sapodilla makes it a sought-after fruit for various culinary uses, such as desserts, shakes, and preserves..
- Agroecological Compatibility: Sapodilla trees are highly compatible with agroforestry systems due to their moderate size and non-invasive root system. Farmers can optimize land use by integrating sapodilla trees with other crops or tree species, diversifying their production and increasing overall farm productivity.
- Soil Enhancement: The deep root system of sapodilla trees improves soil structure, stability, and fertility. These trees facilitate better water infiltration, reducing soil erosion. Moreover, the leaves of sapodilla trees contribute to organic matter accumulation, enhancing soil health and nutrient cycling within the agroforestry system.
- Climate Resilience: Sapodilla trees exhibit excellent tolerance to drought and heat, making them well-suited for agroforestry systems in regions with limited water availability. By including sapodilla trees, farmers can increase their resilience to climate change and maintain productivity during challenging climatic conditions.
- Biodiversity Promotion: Integrating sapodilla trees into agroforestry systems promotes biodiversity on farms. The trees attract pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, benefiting the pollination of other crops. This fosters a diverse and balanced ecosystem, supporting the overall health and sustainability of the farm.
- Timber and Wood Products: In addition to their fruits, sapodilla trees provide valuable timber known for its termite resistance and durability. This timber can be utilized for construction, furniture, and other applications, offering farmers additional income opportunities.
- Carbon Sequestration: Moreover, sapodilla trees contribute to carbon sequestration by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This helps mitigate climate change and reduces the farm’s carbon footprint, demonstrating the environmental benefits of integrating sapodilla trees into agroforestry systems.
The project team measures the impact it creates on wildlife and farmers. The team captures all data at regular intervals and analyzes it by comparing it with the previous data on the same parameters calculated a few months ago. Moreover, the change is measured against the planned results.
The project reports are prepared and sent to the contributors. The report covers the following
1) Trees status as of the last visit made.
2) Any mortality in the trees planted.
3) Carbon fixed in MT from the start of the project.
4) Economic impact on the farmers.
5) Ecological impact created.