Ambarella (Indian Hog Plum)

Ambarella (Indian Hog Plum): A Tropical Delight


Ambarella, also known as Indian Hog Plum, is a tropical fruit that delights the taste buds with its unique flavor and refreshing qualities. This fruit, native to South Asia, has a rich history and is cherished for its culinary versatility. In this article, we will explore the origin, characteristics of the tree, description of the fruit and its benefits, distribution in India, and appreciate the allure of Ambarella.

Common NameAmbarella (Indian Hog Plum)
Scientific NameSpondias dulcis
NativitySouth Asia
Climatic conditionsTropical
States in India foundKerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka,
Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra


Ambarella finds its roots in South Asia, specifically in the tropical regions of India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. It has been cultivated for centuries and holds a special place in the local cultures and cuisines of these regions. The fruit has gradually gained popularity in other parts of the world due to its enticing taste and potential health benefits.

Characteristics of the Tree

The Ambarella tree, scientifically known as Spondias dulcis, is a medium-sized evergreen tree that can reach heights of up to 20 meters. It has a dense, spreading canopy with dark green, pinnate leaves that provide ample shade. The tree produces small, fragrant flowers that eventually develop into the delicious Ambarella fruit. Its canopy, combined with the fruit-laden branches, creates a picturesque sight in tropical orchards.

Description of Fruit and Benefits

The Ambarella fruit is a visual and gustatory delight. It is oval-shaped and can range in size from a small apple to a larger mango. The smooth skin varies in color, from yellow to green, with a slightly waxy texture. When ripe, the flesh turns golden-yellow and has a juicy and tangy taste, reminiscent of a mix of mango, pineapple, and citrus flavors.

Ambarella not only satisfies the taste buds but also offers several health benefits. It is rich in vitamins A and C, providing antioxidants that support a healthy immune system. The fruit also contains dietary fiber, aiding digestion and promoting a healthy gut. Additionally, Ambarella is low in calories and fat, making it a guilt-free treat. Some traditional remedies also credit Ambarella with properties that can help alleviate respiratory issues and support overall well-being.

Distribution in India

Ambarella is widely distributed in India, particularly in the tropical and subtropical regions. It thrives in states such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra. The warm and humid climate of these regions provides optimal conditions for Ambarella cultivation. Additionally, Ambarella trees can be found in home gardens and orchards across the country, making this tropical delight easily accessible to locals and tourists alike.


Ambarella, with its unique flavor profile and tropical charm, is a cherished fruit in South Asia, including India. From its origins in this region to its expanding popularity worldwide, Ambarella has captured the hearts and taste buds of many. The Ambarella tree, with its dense foliage and bountiful fruit, adds beauty to tropical landscapes. With its refreshing taste and potential health benefits, Ambarella has become a favorite ingredient in various culinary creations. As more people discover the delights of Ambarella, its popularity is expected to grow, further cementing its place as a tropical treasure.

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