Anise spice, also known as aniseed, is a popular ingredient in Indian cooking, particularly in the preparation of sweets and baked goods. Aniseed has a distinct licorice flavor and is often used to enhance the taste of dishes. Growing anise in your kitchen garden can provide you with a fresh supply of this delicious spice.
|Scientific name||Pimpinella anisum|
|Nutrition||Rich in fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium, and potassium|
|Months/season it is grown||October to February|
|Weeks it takes to grow||8-10 weeks|
|Harvest per plant in kgs||0.5 – 1 kg per plant|
There are several varieties of anise, but the most common one grown in India is Pimpinella anisum.
Anise is a cool-season crop and can be grown in the winter season, from October to February, in most parts of India.
Soil and Temperature
Anise grows best in well-draining loamy soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal temperature for anise growth is between 15°C to 25°C, and it requires at least 6 hours of full sunlight per day.
Caring in different weeks
Week 1-2: Plant the seeds in a well-prepared bed of soil, and water them lightly. The seedlings should emerge in about 10-14 days.
Week 3-4: Thin the seedlings so that they are spaced about 10-15 cm apart. Anise plants are shallow-rooted and need regular watering, so water them every other day.
Week 5-6: Apply a nitrogen-rich fertilizer to encourage healthy growth. You can use a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, or organic fertilizer like cow manure.
Week 7-8: Keep an eye out for pests and diseases, such as aphids and powdery mildew, and treat them promptly with organic insecticides and fungicides.
Anise plants usually mature in about 100-120 days after planting. The seeds are ready for harvest when they turn brown and start to fall off the plant. Cut the seed heads off the plant and dry them in a cool, dry place for about two weeks.
Anise contains several beneficial compounds, such as anethole and antioxidants, that can improve digestion, reduce inflammation, and boost immunity. It is also rich in vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Harvest from a small kitchen garden
From a small kitchen garden, you can harvest about 500g to 1 kg of anise seeds per 10 square feet.
Growing anise spice in your Indian kitchen garden is a great way to add a fresh and flavorful ingredient to your cooking. By following the simple care instructions, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of this delicious spice that can elevate your dishes to a whole new level.