Bay Woodpecker: An In-depth Look into the Hidden Gem of South Asian Forests


The Bay Woodpecker is a mesmerizing bird that eludes even the most ardent bird lover. Known for its characteristic brown crown and unique diet of insects, this bird has much to offer to anyone lucky enough to spot it in the wilderness. Whether you are an avid bird watcher frequenting bird sanctuaries or just a casual bird lover, the Bay Woodpecker deserves a place on your must-see list.  In this guide, we’ll cover the Bay Woodpecker’s physical features, behaviors, and environment.


Serial NumberCharacteristicsDescription
1Common nameBay Woodpecker
2Scientific nameBlythipicus pyrrhotis
3ColourBrown crown, pale brown forehead
4Average length26.5-30 cm
5Average height26.5-30 cm
6Type of birdForest bird
7Found in India in statesVarious states in South India
8HabitatEvergreen and mixed deciduous forests
9IUCN StatusData insufficient

Features of the Bird


The Bay Woodpecker has a body length of 26.5 to 30 cm and is a mid-size bird. This is fascinating when one thinks about the bird’s ability to adapt to various environments. The length of the Bay Woodpecker is an important factor in its ability to fly with agility, especially through heavily wooded ravines where it is commonly found.


The average height of a Bay Woodpecker, measured from the tip of its beak to the end of its tail when placed vertically, also ranges from 26.5 to 30 cm. The height is crucial for the bird’s ability to forage effectively 3-4 m below the surface level. It also gives the bird an advantage in escaping predators or reaching high places for food or nesting.

Running Speed

There is insufficient data regarding the running speed of the Bay Woodpecker. However, considering its general size and the type of terrain it inhabits, it is safe to assume that the bird relies more on its flying abilities than on running. This bird is seldom seen on the ground, and when it is, it moves quickly and efficiently through the underbrush, making it a difficult subject for bird photography or bird pictures.


The male Bay Woodpecker is distinguished by a brown crown, short crest and nape with streaking, and a pale brown forehead, creating a captivating mix of colors. Females tend to have a paler head without any red on the neck. These colors serve as a natural camouflage, aiding the bird in evading predators and also in efficiently foraging for food.

Habitat and Food of the Bird

  1. Diet and Nutrition: The Bay Woodpecker mainly consumes a diet rich in insects like ants, termites, and wood-boring beetles. Occasionally, they also indulge in berries, adding a variety to their meals.
  1. Foraging Habit:  They typically search for food 3-4 meters below the surface on tree trunks, rotting snags, logs, as well as saplings, vines, and bamboo.They avoid foraging near other Bay Woodpeckers but maintain loose contact with their partners.
  1. Geographical Range: These birds are predominantly found in South Asian countries like India, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
  1. Altitude: The Bay Woodpecker can be found at various altitudes, ranging from 50 m to 2750 m. This makes them quite versatile in terms of the habitats they can thrive in.
  1. Type of Forest: Bay Woodpeckers are typically found in evergreen and mixed deciduous forests. They prefer heavily wooded ravines with dense growth for their habitat.

Nesting and Nurturing

The nesting habits of the Bay Woodpecker are not thoroughly studied, but like many birds of its family, Picidae, it is expected that they might build their nests in tree trunks or heavy foliage. The nurturing aspect is also not well-documented, but given the bird’s diet, it is assumed that both parents participate in feeding the young with insects and occasionally berries. This is crucial information for bird nest enthusiasts and those interested in bird migration patterns.


While there is insufficient data to determine the IUCN status of the Bay Woodpecker, it is likely that habitat loss and deforestation are potential threats to this species. Also, the bird might be vulnerable to natural predators like larger birds and mammals.

IUCN Status and Conservation

The Bay Woodpecker’s current IUCN status is unknown, but given the increasing rates of deforestation and habitat loss, conservation efforts are crucial. Bird sanctuaries and birdlife sanctuaries can play a significant role in the conservation of this fascinating bird.


The Bay Woodpecker is indeed a fascinating subject for bird lovers, bird photographers, and researchers alike. Its varied diet, fascinating colors, and unique habitats make it a captivating subject for bird photos and bird image names. So the next time you visit a bird shop near me for binoculars or books, remember to add this stunning bird to your list of must-sees. Whether you are into bird png collections or a simple bird flying photo captures your imagination, the Bay Woodpecker will not disappoint.

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