Bottle gourd

Bottle gourd, also known as lauki in India, is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be easily grown in your kitchen garden. With its unique bottle shape and light green color, this vegetable can add a distinct flavor and texture to your meals. In this article, we will discuss how to grow bottle gourd in your Indian kitchen garden.

NameBottle gourd (Lauki)
Scientific nameLagenaria siceraria
Weeks to grow12-16 weeks
Harvest per plant (kg)3-4 kgs

Varieties of Bottle Gourd

There are several varieties of bottle gourd that can be grown in India, including Pusa Naveen, Pusa Himani, Pusa Summer Prolific, and Arka Bahar. These varieties are known for their fast growth, high yield, and disease resistance.

Soil Conditions

Bottle gourd requires well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting, prepare the soil by mixing compost and other organic matter into the soil to improve its fertility. The ideal pH level for bottle gourd cultivation is between 6.0 and 7.0.

Caring for Your Bottle Gourd Plant

Week 1-2: During the first two weeks after planting, make sure to water your plants regularly to ensure proper germination. Weeds should be removed from the area around the plant to prevent them from competing for nutrients.

Week 3-4: Once your plants have established themselves, they will require frequent watering. Make sure to water them thoroughly once a week to ensure proper growth.

Week 5-6: At this stage, you can start fertilizing your plants with a balanced fertilizer to encourage healthy growth. Make sure to follow the instructions on the fertilizer package.

Week 7-8: Your plants will require more frequent watering at this stage, as they will be growing rapidly. Make sure to water them deeply at least twice a week.

Harvest Time

Bottle gourd can be harvested when the fruit is about 6-8 inches long and still tender. The skin of the fruit should be smooth and shiny. The fruit can be cut from the vine using a sharp knife or pruning shears.

Nutrition in the Fruit

Bottle gourd is a highly nutritious vegetable that is low in calories and high in fiber. It is also a good source of vitamins C and B, as well as minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

Yield from a Small Kitchen Garden

A single bottle gourd plant can produce up to 5-6 fruits, depending on the variety and growing conditions. With proper care, you can harvest several kilograms of bottle gourd from a small kitchen garden.


Growing bottle gourd in your Indian kitchen garden is a great way to add a nutritious and versatile vegetable to your meals. By following the proper soil conditions, caring for your plant in different weeks, and harvesting at the right time, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of this delicious vegetable.

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