The bullfrog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus) is a large species of frog that is native to the Indian subcontinent. It is an important amphibian in the region and is known for its size and aggressive behavior. The bullfrog is also one of the most recognizable frog species due to its distinct appearance.

NameBull Frog of India
Scientific NameHoplobatrachus tigerinus
ColourOlive green or brown with irregular dark spots
HabitatWetlands, marshes, ponds, and slow-moving rivers
Indian states where it’s foundThroughout India
IUCN statusLeast Concern (LC)


The bullfrog is a large frog species that can grow up to 20 cm in length. It has a stout body and a broad head, which is wider than its body. The skin of the bullfrog is smooth and moist, and its color ranges from olive green to brown. The species has a characteristic circular eardrum that is larger than its eye.

Habitat and food

The bullfrog is a semi-aquatic species that is found near freshwater sources such as ponds, lakes, and streams. It is also found in rice paddies and other wetlands. The species is primarily nocturnal and feeds on a variety of prey, including insects, small mammals, and other amphibians.

Where is it found in India

The bullfrog is found throughout the Indian subcontinent, including in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. It is particularly common in the northern and eastern parts of India.

Importance to ecosystem

The bullfrog is an important amphibian in the ecosystem as it plays a critical role in maintaining the balance of the food chain. As a predator, it helps to keep populations of small animals in check, preventing overpopulation and the potential destruction of habitats. Additionally, the bullfrog’s tadpoles are also an important source of food for fish and other predators.

IUCN status

The bullfrog is classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Although it is hunted for its meat and is used in traditional medicine, the species is not currently facing any major threats. However, the destruction of wetland habitats due to human activities, such as agriculture and urbanization, could impact the population of bullfrogs in the future.

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