Drumstick (Moringa oleifera)

Drumstick, also known as Moringa oleifera, is a fast-growing, deciduous tree that is native to the Indian subcontinent. The tree is known for its many health benefits and is grown for both its leaves and seed pods, which are used in traditional Indian cuisine and in herbal medicine.

Scientific NameMoringa oleifera
Height20-35 feet (6-11 meters)
Canopy Spread10-15 feet (3-4.5 meters)
Years for Fruiting6-8 months after planting
Fruits per Tree400-600 pounds (180-270 kg) per year on average

Different Varieties of Drumstick that can be planted

There are several varieties of Drumstick that can be planted in Indian gardens, but the most commonly grown varieties are PKM 1, PKM 2, and ODC 3. These varieties are known for their high yield and disease resistance.

Soil and Water conditions for the best growth

Drumstick trees require well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The trees can grow in a range of soil types, from sandy loam to clay loam, but prefer a slightly acidic to neutral pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. The trees also require regular watering, especially during the first two years of growth, to establish a strong root system. However, care must be taken to avoid waterlogging, as this can lead to root rot.

How to take care of the plant

Drumstick trees require regular care to ensure healthy growth and high yield. Here are some tips to take care of your Drumstick plant:

Pruning: Regular pruning helps to promote new growth and increases yield. Prune the tree during the winter months, removing dead or diseased branches.

Fertilization: Apply a balanced fertilizer during the growing season to promote healthy growth and fruiting.

Pest and Disease Control: Drumstick trees are susceptible to pests and diseases such as leaf-eating caterpillars, aphids, and powdery mildew. Regular monitoring and control measures such as spraying with organic pesticides can help to prevent infestations.

Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch around the tree can help to retain soil moisture, suppress weed growth, and add nutrients to the soil.

Which part of the garden should it be planted?

Drumstick trees prefer full sun to partial shade and require at least six hours of sunlight per day. The best location to plant the tree is in a well-drained area with good air circulation. It is also advisable to plant the tree away from other trees and structures, as it can grow up to 35 feet in height and spread.

Fruiting Year and Yield

Drumstick trees usually start fruiting within 6-8 months of planting. The trees can produce fruit year-round, with the main harvest season being from July to November. The yield of Drumstick trees can vary depending on the variety, growing conditions, and age of the tree. However, on average, a mature tree can produce up to 400-600 pounds of fruit per year.


Growing Drumstick in Indian gardens can be a rewarding experience, provided you take the necessary steps to ensure healthy growth and high yield. By selecting the right variety, providing adequate soil and water conditions, and taking care of the tree, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious Drumstick pods and leaves. So, go ahead and plant a Drumstick tree in your garden today!

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