Fig (Ficus carica)

Fig, scientifically known as Ficus carica, is a fruit tree that belongs to the family Moraceae. It is believed to have originated from the Middle East and Mediterranean region and has been cultivated since ancient times. Figs are known for their sweet and chewy taste and are used for a variety of culinary purposes. Growing figs in Indian gardens is becoming increasingly popular due to its adaptability to the Indian climate.

Scientific nameFicus carica
Height10-30 feet
Canopy spread10-30 feet
Years for fruiting2-3 years
Fruits per tree40-100 pounds per year

Different Varieties

There are many varieties of figs available, each with different colors, sizes, and taste. In India, some popular varieties of figs are the Black Mission, Brown Turkey, and Kadota. The Black Mission variety has dark purple skin with pink flesh, while the Brown Turkey variety has brown skin with red flesh. Kadota figs, on the other hand, have greenish-yellow skin with creamy white flesh.

Soil and Water Conditions

Fig trees thrive in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They can grow in a wide range of soil types, but the ideal soil pH for fig trees is between 6.0 and 6.5. Figs need moderate watering, and the soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can cause root rot, so it’s important to ensure proper drainage.

How to Take Care of the Plant

Figs are easy to care for and do not require much maintenance. Here are some tips to help you take care of your fig tree:

Prune the tree annually during its dormant season to encourage new growth and increase fruit production.

Fertilize the tree with organic matter or a balanced fertilizer during the growing season.

Keep the soil around the tree moist but not waterlogged.

Protect the tree from pests such as birds, squirrels, and insects.

Which Part of the Garden Should it be Planted?

Fig trees can be grown in both sunny and partially shaded areas of the garden. It is best to plant fig trees in an area with well-drained soil and protection from strong winds. In India, fig trees are usually grown in containers or as espaliers against a wall or fence.

Fruiting Year and Yield

Fig trees usually start bearing fruit in their second or third year, with a peak yield in the fourth or fifth year. A mature fig tree can produce between 40-100 pounds of fruit per year. The yield of fruit from one fig tree can vary depending on factors such as the age and health of the tree, the variety of fig, and growing conditions such as temperature and rainfall. Some varieties of figs are known to be heavy producers, while others may have a lower yield. However, with proper care and maintenance, a healthy fig tree can provide a generous harvest for several years.


Growing figs in Indian gardens can be a rewarding experience. With the right growing conditions and care, fig trees can produce a bountiful harvest of sweet and juicy fruit. Choose a suitable variety, ensure proper soil and water conditions, and take care of your tree, and you’ll be enjoying fresh figs from your garden in no time.

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