Indian coral tree

The Indian coral tree, also known as Erythrina variegata, is a stunning flowering tree that is native to India and Southeast Asia. The tree is known for its beautiful red flowers and lush foliage, making it a popular choice for gardens and landscapes. In this article, we will discuss the different varieties of Indian coral trees, as well as the soil and water conditions necessary for optimal growth. We will also provide tips on how to care for and maintain the tree, where to plant it, and the benefits it can provide.

NameIndian coral tree
Scientific nameErythrina variegata
Height20-30 feet
Canopy spread25-35 feet
BenefitsProvides shade, ornamental purposes, medicinal properties, nitrogen fixation, fodder, and beekeeping potential.


There are several varieties of Indian coral trees that can be planted in an Indian garden, including the Erythrina variegata var. Orientalis, which has red and yellow flowers, and the Erythrina variegata var. Brevipes, which has bright red flowers. These varieties can be found in many nurseries and can be easily grown in the Indian climate.

Soil and Water Conditions

Indian coral trees prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They require regular watering during the growing season, but should be allowed to dry out slightly between waterings. The tree can tolerate some drought, but it is important to ensure that the soil does not become too dry.

How to Take Care of the Plant

Indian coral trees require regular pruning to maintain their shape and to promote healthy growth. Prune the tree in late winter or early spring before new growth appears. Remove any dead or diseased wood, as well as any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other.

Which Part of the Garden Should it be Planted?

Indian coral trees should be planted in a sunny spot that is sheltered from strong winds. The tree can grow up to 15 meters tall and 10 meters wide, so it is important to allow enough space for the tree to grow and spread.

Maturity Year

The Indian coral tree will typically begin to bloom after three to four years of growth, and will continue to produce flowers annually for many years.

Benefits from the Tree

The Indian coral tree is a popular choice for gardens and landscapes due to its stunning red flowers and lush foliage. However, the tree also provides several other benefits, including:

Provides shade and helps to cool the surrounding area

Attracts birds, bees, and other pollinators, contributing to biodiversity

Can be used for timber and firewood

Has medicinal properties and is used in traditional Indian medicine


The Indian coral tree is a beautiful and versatile tree that can thrive in an Indian garden. With proper care and maintenance, this tree can provide many years of stunning flowers, shade, and other benefits. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or just starting out, the Indian coral tree is a great choice for any garden or landscape.

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