Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)


Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a tropical fruit that is native to India and Southeast Asia. It is a large, spiky fruit that can grow up to 80 pounds in weight. In this article, we will explore the different varieties of jackfruit that can be planted, the best soil and water conditions, how to take care of the plant, and where to plant them in your Indian garden.

Scientific NameArtocarpus heterophyllus
HeightUp to 80 feet (24 meters) tall
Canopy Spread30 to 40 feet (9 to 12 meters)
Years for Fruiting4 to 8 years after planting
Fruits per TreeBetween 100 and 200 per year, depending on variety & conditions

Introduction to the Plant

Jackfruit is a member of the fig family and is known for its sweet, tropical flavor. It is an important crop in many tropical countries and is often used as a meat substitute due to its texture and flavor. Jackfruit trees can grow up to 80 feet tall and have large, glossy leaves that provide shade for the fruit.

Different Varieties That Can Be Planted

There are many different varieties of jackfruit that can be grown in India. Some of the most popular varieties include

  • Black Gold: This is a new hybrid variety that is known for its large fruit size and sweet flavor.
  • NS1: This variety is popular in South India and is known for its tender fruit and good flavor.
  • J33: This variety is popular in Kerala and produces large, sweet fruit.
  • Mardan: This variety is known for its large fruit size and sweet flavor.

Soil and Water Conditions for the Best Growth

Jackfruit trees prefer well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. They require regular watering, especially during the dry season, but should not be waterlogged. Jackfruit trees require a lot of water, but they can also be tolerant of drought conditions. The tree requires regular fertilization to maintain healthy growth and fruit production.

How to Take Care of the Plant

Jackfruit trees require regular pruning to control their size and shape. They should be pruned after each fruiting season to remove dead or diseased wood. The tree should be fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer that is high in potassium. Mulching around the base of the tree can help to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Which Part of the Garden Should It Be Planted?

Jackfruit trees require a lot of sunlight and should be planted in a spot that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. They also require protection from strong winds and cold temperatures, so it is best to plant them in a sheltered location.

Fruiting Year and Yield

Jackfruit trees typically start producing fruit in their fourth or fifth year. The tree can produce a large amount of fruit, with each tree producing between 100 and 200 fruits per year, depending on the variety and growing conditions.


Growing jackfruit in your Indian garden is an excellent way to enjoy fresh, tropical fruit at home. With the right soil and water conditions, regular fertilization, and proper care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of sweet, delicious jackfruit. Consider planting a variety of jackfruit to enjoy different flavors and textures. Remember to plant them in a sunny, sheltered location and to keep the soil moist and well-drained. With a little effort, you can enjoy the taste of freshly harvested jackfruit right in your backyard.

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