Karait, also known as the Indian krait, is a species of venomous snake that is found in the Indian subcontinent. It is known for its distinctive black and white bands that run across its body. Karait is one of the most dangerous snakes in the world due to the potency of its venom.

Scientific NameBungarus caeruleus
ColourBlack with white or yellow bands
LengthUp to 1.5 meters
HabitatGrasslands, farmland, wetlands, and forests
Toxicity LevelHighly venomous
Indian states where it’s foundThroughout India except for the high-altitude regions in the north
IUCN StatusLeast Concern


Karait can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and has a slender body. The body of Karait is covered with black and white bands that give it a distinctive appearance. The head of Karait is small and has a rounded snout. The eyes of Karait are relatively small, and the pupils are round. Karait has a powerful bite and can deliver a potent neurotoxin venom.

Type of venom

The venom of Karait is a potent neurotoxin that can cause paralysis and death. It attacks the nervous system and causes respiratory failure. The venom of Karait is ten times more potent than that of a cobra. It can cause symptoms like nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, and muscle weakness.

Habitat and food

Karait is found in a wide range of habitats, including agricultural fields, grasslands, forests, and suburban areas. They are nocturnal and feed on small animals like rodents, lizards, and frogs.

Where is it found in India

Karait is found throughout the Indian subcontinent, including Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. They are commonly found in rural and suburban areas and can often be seen near human settlements.

Importance to ecosystem

Karait plays an essential role in the ecosystem by helping to control the population of rodents and other small animals. They are also an important part of the food chain and are preyed upon by larger predators like birds of prey.

IUCN status

The Karait is listed as a species of least concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Despite being a venomous snake, it is not considered to be in danger of extinction due to its wide distribution and adaptability to a variety of habitats. However, like all wildlife, the Karait is threatened by habitat destruction and human encroachment. It is important to conserve the habitats of Karait and other wildlife to maintain the ecological balance of our planet.

image_pdfDownload As PDF

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *