Green peas are one of the most popular and nutritious vegetables grown in Indian kitchen gardens. They are easy to grow and require minimal care. Green peas are a great source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals that are essential for good health. They add flavor and texture to many dishes, including soups, salads, and curries.

NameGreen Peas
Scientific NamePisum sativum
NutritionRich in protein, fiber, vitamins A, C, K, B6, and minerals
Months/SeasonOctober to February (in most parts of India)
Weeks to Grow8-12 weeks
Harvest per Plant0.5 to 1 kg of peas per plant

List of Varieties

There are several varieties of green peas that can be grown in India, including Early Onward, Green Arrow, and Little Marvel. These varieties are known for their excellent taste, high yield, and disease resistance. Local varieties like Arkel and Bonneville are also popular in India.

Season/Months for Growing

Green peas are a winter crop and can be grown from October to February in most parts of India. In the northern states, they can be grown from September to January. The temperature required for growing green peas ranges between 10°C to 25°C.

Soil Conditions and Temperature

Green peas grow well in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should have a pH level of 6.0 to 7.0. Peas prefer cool weather and grow best when the temperature ranges between 10°C to 25°C. They require full sun exposure for about 6 hours a day.

Caring in Different Weeks

Week 1-2: Once you have planted the green peas, make sure to water them well. Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil and mulch to conserve moisture. If the weather is dry, water the plants once a week.

Week 3-4: Once the green pea plants have sprouted, remove any weeds that are growing around them. Add a layer of compost or well-rotted manure to the soil to provide nutrients. Water the plants regularly, and ensure that they receive at least 1 inch of water every week.

Week 5-6: By now, the green pea plants will have started to climb. You can provide support to the plants by installing a trellis or stakes. Mulch the soil around the plants to retain moisture and prevent weed growth. Water the plants regularly and ensure that they receive sufficient sunlight.

Week 7-8: As the green pea plants start to flower, it’s important to fertilize them with a balanced fertilizer. This will help the plants produce healthy and tasty peas. Water the plants regularly, and make sure that the soil is moist but not waterlogged.

Week 9-10: As the green pea pods start to mature, continue to water the plants regularly. Harvest the peas when they are fully mature and plump, but before they become tough and starchy.

Harvest Time

Green peas are ready to harvest in 60-70 days after sowing. You can harvest the pods when they are fully mature and plump but before they become tough and starchy. Harvesting should be done early in the morning or late in the afternoon to avoid heat.

Nutrition in the Fruit

Green peas are rich in protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are an excellent source of vitamin K, manganese, folate, and vitamin C. They are also rich in antioxidants, which help prevent cell damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

How much can one harvest from a small kitchen garden?

A small kitchen garden can yield around 1-2 kg of green peas per square meter, depending on the variety and growing conditions. With proper care and maintenance, green peas can be a great addition to your kitchen garden and provide a bountiful harvest.


Growing green peas in your kitchen garden is an easy and rewarding experience. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious peas that can be used in a variety of dishes. Remember to choose the right variety for your region, provide adequate support and nutrients, and water the plants regularly. With these simple steps, you can grow a healthy and productive green pea crop in your kitchen garden. Not only will you have access to fresh, organic produce, but you’ll also be doing your part to promote sustainable living and healthy eating habits. So why not give it a try and enjoy the benefits of homegrown green peas today?

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