Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Pomegranate, scientifically known as Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree. It is native to Iran and the Himalayas in Northern India, but has been cultivated and naturalized over time in other regions including India. Pomegranate is a popular fruit for its unique taste and nutritional value. It is also used in traditional medicine for its antioxidant properties. In India, pomegranates are grown commercially in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.

Scientific namePunica granatum
Height5-8 meters
Canopy spread3-4 meters
Years for fruiting2-3 years
Fruits per tree50-150 kg per year

Different Varieties

There are many varieties of pomegranates that can be grown in India, including the Bhagwa, Ganesh, Mridula, Ruby, and Wonderful. The Bhagwa is one of the most popular varieties grown in India due to its high yield, deep red color, and sweet-tart flavor. The Wonderful variety is also a popular choice, known for its large size and juicy arils (seeds).

Soil and Water Conditions

Pomegranate grows best in well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.2. The soil should be rich in organic matter, and should not be waterlogged as this can lead to root rot. Pomegranate trees require moderate watering, with regular watering during the growing season and reduced watering during the dormant period. Watering should be done at the base of the tree to avoid wetting the leaves, which can lead to disease.

How to Take Care of the Plant

Pomegranate trees require regular pruning to maintain a healthy shape and encourage fruiting. Pruning should be done during the dormant period, typically in late winter or early spring. Dead or diseased branches should be removed, as well as any crossing or rubbing branches. Pomegranate trees are also susceptible to pests and diseases such as fruit flies and fungal infections. Regular inspection and treatment with organic pesticides and fungicides can help prevent these issues.

Which Part of the Garden Should it be Planted

Pomegranate trees should be planted in a sunny location, away from other trees or structures that can shade them. They also require well-drained soil, so planting on a slight slope or on raised beds can help ensure proper drainage. The trees should be spaced at least 6 to 8 feet apart to allow for their canopy to grow.

Which Year Will it Start Fruiting and Yield

Pomegranate trees typically start fruiting in their third year, with the yield increasing as the tree matures. A mature tree can produce up to 50 to 80 fruits per year, depending on the variety and growing conditions. The fruits are ready for harvesting when they turn deep red and start to crack open at the base.


Pomegranate is a versatile and nutritious fruit that can be grown successfully in Indian gardens. With the right soil and water conditions, regular pruning and pest management, and proper location in the garden, pomegranate trees can thrive and provide a bountiful harvest for years to come.

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