Radish is a root vegetable that is commonly grown in Indian kitchen gardens. It is a fast-growing vegetable that is easy to grow and requires minimal care. Radishes are available in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors and are a great addition to salads, sandwiches, and other dishes. In this article, we will discuss how to grow radish in an Indian kitchen garden.
|Scientific Name||Raphanus sativus|
|Months/Season it’s grown||Winter: October to February; Summer: March to June|
|Weeks it takes to grow||4-8 weeks|
|Harvest per plant in kgs||0.1-0.2 kg|
Varieties of Radish
Several varieties of radish can be grown in India, including
Early Scarlet Globe: This is a popular variety of radish with a bright red skin and white flesh.
White Icicle: This variety has a long, slender shape and a white skin.
Black Spanish: This variety has a black skin and a white flesh.
Cherry Belle: This variety has a round shape and a bright red skin.
Season and Soil Conditions
Radish is a cool-season vegetable that grows best in temperatures between 10°C to 18°C. It can be grown in both the winter and summer months in India. In the winter season, it can be planted from October to February, while in the summer season, it can be planted from March to June.
Radish prefers well-draining soil with a pH level of 6.0 to 7.0. It can be grown in sandy, loamy, or clay soils that are rich in organic matter. Before planting, the soil should be well-prepared by adding compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and structure.
Caring for Radish
Week 1-2: In the first two weeks after planting, it is essential to keep the soil consistently moist by watering regularly. Weeding should be done to prevent competition for nutrients.
Week 3-4: In the third and fourth weeks, it is crucial to thin out the seedlings to allow for proper root development. Fertilizer should be applied to the soil to promote growth.
Week 5-6: In the fifth and sixth weeks, continue to water and fertilize the plants as needed. Mulching can be done to conserve moisture and suppress weed growth.
Week 7-8: In the seventh and eighth weeks, the radish plants will be growing quickly, and it is important to continue to monitor soil moisture and weed growth. It is also advisable to add a side dressing of fertilizer.
Harvesting and Nutrition
Radish is ready to be harvested when the roots are approximately 1-2 inches in diameter. The leaves of the radish plant can also be harvested and consumed as a nutritious green vegetable.
Radish is a rich source of essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, folate, potassium, and calcium. It is also high in dietary fiber and antioxidants, making it a healthy addition to any diet.
Yield from a Small Kitchen Garden
The yield of radish from a small kitchen garden depends on various factors such as the variety of radish grown, the quality of the soil, and the care provided. However, in general, a small kitchen garden can yield approximately 15-20 radishes per square meter.
Radish is an easy-to-grow and nutritious vegetable that is ideal for Indian kitchen gardens. By providing the right soil conditions, temperature, and care, you can grow a bumper crop of delicious and healthy radish in your own backyard.