Snow Partridge: Lerwa lerwa, A Hidden Jewel in the Indian Bird Sanctuary

Dotted in the alpine reaches of the Himalayas, the Snow Partridge, scientifically known as Lerwa lerwa, is an avian gem of great significance to the bird sanctuary. Often overlooked due to its remote habitat, this partridge exemplifies adaptation and survival in extreme conditions. A fascinating subject for the bird lover, this bird brings a unique flair to India’s diverse birdlife.

Recognizable for its grey above and chestnut below coloring, with a bright red bill and legs, the Snow Partridge boasts a unique plumage that mirrors the rugged terrains of its habitat.With its black and white finely barred underparts, this bird puts on a mesmerizing show that’s a treat to see for anyone lucky enough to come across it in a bird sanctuary.

Serial NumberCharacteristicsDescription
1Common nameSnow Partridge
2Scientific nameLerwa lerwa
3ColourGrey above, chestnut below, red bill and legs, upperparts finely barred in black and white
4Average length38-40 cm
5Average weight450-580 g (females), 550-700 g (males)
6Type of birdPartridge
7Found in India in statesUttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh
8HabitatAlpine and subalpine zones
9IUCN StatusLeast Concern

Features of the Bird


At an average length of 38-40 cm, the Snow Partridge is a moderately-sized bird. This bird, with its compact body structure and sturdy legs, is built for survival in the harsh alpine environment.


Snow Partridges show a moderate degree of sexual dimorphism, with females weighing between 450-580 g and males between 550-700 g. Despite the sex differences in weight, their plumage is remarkably similar, making it a bit challenging for the casual observer to differentiate between the sexes. However, keen bird lovers might note that males have a blunt spur on the tarsus, while females lack these spurs.


The Snow Partridge is a beautiful blend of color and pattern, with the bird appearing grey above and chestnut below. The upperparts are finely barred in black and white, making this partridge a standout in any bird picture. The bird’s bright red bill and legs add a splash of color to its otherwise earth-toned plumage, making it a picturesque sight in any bird sanctuary.

Habitat and Food of the Bird

  1. Habitat: The Snow Partridge is an alpine and subalpine specialist, making its home in the challenging environments of the high Himalayas. This partridge prefers rocky, scrub-covered slopes, where it can blend in perfectly with the surroundings, creating an ideal setting for bird photos.
  1. Food Sources: The diet of the Snow Partridge primarily consists of mosses, lichens, berries, and the shoots of plants. Its feeding habits are akin to a ptarmigan, another alpine dwelling bird species. The partridge also ingests grit, presumably to aid in digestion.
  1. Foraging Behavior: The Snow Partridge is usually found in small groups, typically of 6-8 individuals, although this can increase to around 30 during the non-breeding season. The partridge has been observed sunning itself on rocks during midday, making for a lovely bird picture.

Nesting and Nurturing

  1. Snow Partridges typically breed from May to July, and the males are believed to be monogamous. The bird nest is a scrape on a hill-side under some sheltering rock, either scratched out by the partridges themselves or naturally available. The nest is sometimes lined with moss and is usually well hidden with vegetation.
  1. Upon laying 3 to 5 pale yellow eggs with reddish-brown markings, the female incubates the eggs while the male stands guard. The chicks resemble the young of the blood pheasant, another inhabitant of the high Himalayas. The chicks are born with feathered tarsi and the nostril opening covered by feathers, a unique trait among birds. The sight of these hatchlings venturing out of their bird house is a treat for any bird lover.
  1. Parent birds use distraction displays to draw the attention of predators away from their young, and the young respond with chicken-like cheep calls. This level of care and the sophisticated tactics used by the parents to protect their young make the Snow Partridge a particularly interesting subject for bird lovers.


  1. Thread of Survival: The Snow Partridge is an excellent example of survival against the odds. Living in the harsh alpine and subalpine zones of the Himalayas, this bird species has adapted to the severe climatic conditions, showing remarkable resilience. The fact that it feeds on mosses, lichens, berries, and shoots proves that it can adapt and thrive in an environment with limited food resources.. The partridge’s feeding behavior, ingesting grit to aid digestion, is an intriguing adaptation that facilitates survival in its austere habitat.
  1. Thread of Family: The Snow Partridge showcases a strong familial bond, especially during the breeding season.  The male and female cooperate to guarantee the security and welfare of their young ones. From the nest’s construction to the care and protection of the chicks, the family unit is tight-knit and cooperative, highlighting the deep familial bonds prevalent in bird species.
  1. Thread of Conservation: Despite its ‘Least Concern’ status on the IUCN Red List, the Snow Partridge is not free from potential threats. Climate change and human activities pose significant risks to its high-altitude habitat. While the remote nature of its dwelling provides some protection, concerted conservation efforts are essential. The role of bird sanctuaries, birdlife organizations, and bird lovers is crucial in ensuring the long-term survival and prosperity of this unique bird species.

IUCN Status and Conservation

  1. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies the Snow Partridge as ‘Least Concern’. This status suggests that the bird is not currently facing immediate threats to its survival. However, potential threats such as climate change and habitat loss due to human activities can’t be overlooked.
  1. Despite its status, concerted conservation efforts are necessary to protect the Snow Partridge. The remote and challenging habitat of the bird can make it difficult for conservation activities, but the continued survival and prosperity of this species are integral to maintaining the biodiversity of our planet.
  1. Conservation efforts can be initiated by increasing awareness about this lesser-known bird. Bird sanctuaries, bird shops, and other organizations related to birdlife can play a significant role in raising awareness and initiating protection measures for the Snow Partridge. Photographers and enthusiasts should be encouraged to share bird photos and bird PNGs of this species to further promote its conservation.

In conclusion, the Snow Partridge, with its unique characteristics and survival techniques, makes a significant contribution to the rich tapestry of birdlife in India. It’s a compelling reminder that even in the harshest conditions, life thrives in diverse forms. As we celebrate the beauty of this unique bird, let’s also remember to protect and preserve it for future generations. Whether you’re a professional ornithologist, an avid birdwatcher, or a nature enthusiast looking for a bird shop near me, each one of us can make a difference in the conservation of these remarkable creatures.

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