The Enchanting World of the European Bee-Eater: A Nature Lover’s Guide


The European bee-eater (Merops apiaster) is a symphony of colours and an absolute marvel to behold. This slender bird, best known for its richly coloured plumage and agile flight, is a fascinating subject for anyone interested in birdlife. With a beak designed to snatch bees out of the air, this bird exemplifies the intricate balance of nature. Understanding the European bee-eater offers a window into the complex and beautiful world of avian ecology for every bird lover, bird watcher, and naturalist. In this article, we delve into this extraordinary species’ captivating features, habitats, and behaviours.


Serial NumberCharacteristicsDescription
1Common nameEuropean Bee-Eater
2Scientific nameMerops apiaster
3ColourBrown and yellow upper parts, green wings
4Average length27–29 cm
5Average height9 cm
6Type of birdNear passerine
7Found in statesSouthern and central Europe, northern and southern Africa, western Asia
8HabitatSandy banks near rivers, open fields
9IUCN StatusLeast Concern

Features of the Bird


The European bee-eater is not a large bird, but what it lacks in size, it more than makes up for in colour and agility. The bird has an average length of 27 to 29 cm, including its elongated central tail feathers. Bird photos often capture the stunning elongated tail feathers that add flair to its appearance. Its slender body aids in its remarkable flying and diving abilities, essential for catching its prey. Anyone lucky enough to capture a bird image of a European bee-eater in flight will be amazed by its elegance and speed.


Unlike other birds that may stand tall, the European bee-eater has a vertical height of around 9 cm. If you were to view a bird PNG or picture of this species next to an ordinary object, you’d find it quite petite. However, don’t let its small stature fool you; this bird is a powerhouse regarding aerial acrobatics.

Running Speed

Although known for flying rather than running, the European bee-eaters are also reasonably agile on land. They don’t generally spend much time running, but they’re quick and handy when they do. This might not be the first feature you look for at a bird sanctuary, but it’s another testament to their adaptability and skill.


One of the most striking features of the European bee-eater is its vibrant colouration. In fact, anyone who spots one is immediately entranced by its bird image name — a dazzling mix of brown and yellow on its upper parts and green wings. Its vivid hues make it a popular subject for bird photos and a cherished sighting for any bird lover.

Habitat and Food of the Bird

  1. Location: These birds prefer to reside in sandy banks near rivers and open fields, making them a common sight in specific bird sanctuaries.
  1. Diet: They predominantly feed on flying insects like bees and wasps.
  1. Migration: Being strongly migratory, European bee-eaters travel to tropical Africa to winter, showcasing an interesting pattern of bird migration.
  1. Social Structure: They are highly social birds and often roost and feed communally.
  1. Environment: They avoid dense forests and prefer open spaces, making them easier to spot for those interested in birdlife sanctuary visits.

Nesting and Nurturing

Breeding and nesting for the European bee-eater are communal affairs. Females lay five to eight spherical white eggs in long tunnels near riverbanks.Both male and female birds take turns for incubating the eggs for three weeks. You’d find their nesting habits particularly interesting if you are a bird nest enthusiast. The young ones can run as soon as they are hatched, making them a delight to observe for anyone visiting a bird sanctuary during the breeding season.


The European bee-eater faces several threats, including habitat loss, pesticide use affecting their food sources, and sometimes hunting. They are often discussed in birdlife conservation circles as requiring monitoring despite their current Least Concern status.

IUCN Status and Conservation

The European bee-eater is listed under the “Least Concern” category by the IUCN. However, the importance of their habitat conservation is increasingly being recognized in birdlife sanctuaries and conservation circles. Programs that focus on sustainable farming practices and habitat restoration are essential for ensuring their continued survival.


The European bee-eater is a bird that captivates every bird lover with its colourful plumage, fascinating behaviours, and social nesting practices. As we face environmental challenges that threaten various species, understanding and appreciating these creatures can inspire us to take conservation seriously. Whether you’re into bird photos, bird migration study, or simply an enthusiastic bird watcher, this bird promises to keep you intrigued.

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