The Marvelous World of the Pied Kingfisher: A Comprehensive Guide


The Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle Rudis) is an intriguing character in the avian world. A medium-sized bird with striking black and white plumage, this kingfisher species can be found from the plains of Turkey to the wetlands of India. With its distinctive foraging techniques and cooperative breeding habits, the Pied Kingfisher is essential in its inhabitable ecosystems. Whether you’re a bird lover, a naturalist, or someone intrigued by the fantastic world of birdlife, this guide will walk you through every facet of this captivating species.


Serial NumberCharacteristicsDescription
1Common NamePied Kingfisher
2Scientific NameCeryle rudis
3ColourBlack and White
4Average Length25 cm
5Height25 cm
6Type of BirdFreshwater/Wetland
7Found in StatesThroughout India excluding higher Himalayas
8HabitatWetlands, rivers, lakes
9IUCN StatusLeast Concern

Features of the Bird


The Pied Kingfisher measures around 25 cm in length. Unlike other birds of the kingfisher family, this particular bird is medium-sized, making it a relatively conspicuous species in its habitat. Its length allows it agility and speed when swooping down to catch its prey. These unique features make it a fascinating subject for bird image name enthusiasts and photographers alike.


When talking about the height, we refer to the vertical length of the bird when it stands upright. The Pied Kingfisher stands approximately the same height as its length, around 25 cm. This height gives it an optimal stature for perching over water bodies, making it easier to spot and dive for fish.

Running Speed

Though not known for its running ability, the Pied Kingfisher is a swift flier. It can reach speeds up to 50 km/h, primarily when hunting. This agility in flight is exciting to those passionate about bird migration, as the Pied Kingfisher can quickly cover short distances.


This bird’s black-and-white coloration is one of its most recognizable features. The contrasting bands and crest make it a favorite among bird picture aficionados. The colors serve as camouflage against predators and an asset during mating seasons.

Habitat and Food of the Bird

  1. Wetlands and Water Bodies: The Pied Kingfisher primarily lives near water bodies, making it a commonly sighted bird in bird sanctuaries near lakes or rivers.
  1. Diet: Mainly consists of fish, but it also eats crustaceans and large aquatic insects. It is one of the few kingfishers known for hovering above the water to catch its prey.
  1. Geographical Distribution: Common throughout India, especially in regions near water bodies, offering abundant opportunities for bird shop near me locations where you can buy feeders or accessories for birdwatching.
  1. Social Behavior: The Pied Kingfisher is somewhat gregarious and can be found in groups, especially during the night. It’s a fantastic spectacle for birdlife sanctuary visitors.
  1. Sounds and Calls: The bird frequently makes sharp “chirruk chirruk” noises, another aspect that makes it so engaging for bird lovers.

Nesting and Nurturing

The nesting season falls between February and April in India. The bird nest is generally a tunnel-like structure dug into a vertical mud bank close to the water. Non-breeding young from earlier broods sometimes assist in nurturing the new generation. Those interested in birdhouse designs might find the architectural simplicity yet effectiveness of the Pied Kingfisher’s nesting strategies fascinating.


While the Pied Kingfisher is categorized under ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN, it still faces threats from habitat loss, water pollution, and sometimes, birds flying into urban areas, leading to man-animal conflict. Birdlife advocates continue to monitor these threats.

IUCN Status and Conservation

The Pied Kingfisher is listed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN. However, with the increasing pollution of water bodies and habitat loss, conservationists and bird sanctuary operators are keeping a watchful eye on their populations.


The Pied Kingfisher is an intriguing, versatile, and resilient bird species. Whether you’re an ornithologist, a bird lover, or just an enthusiast who likes bird photos, the Pied Kingfisher holds many wonders to discover. This bird is a jewel of the avian world, from its unique hunting techniques to its communal roosting habits.

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