Turmeric, also known as Haldi in Hindi, is a spice that is commonly used in Indian cuisine. It is also known for its numerous health benefits and has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Turmeric is a versatile vegetable that can be grown in a kitchen garden and provides a steady supply of fresh turmeric roots.
|Scientific name||Curcuma longa|
|Nutrition||Rich in curcumin, iron, potassium, and vitamin C|
|Months/Season it’s grown||Can be grown throughout the year, but best during monsoon season (June-July)|
|Weeks it takes to grow||30-40 weeks|
|Harvest per plant in kgs||2-3 kg per plant|
Varieties of Turmeric that can be grown in India
There are several varieties of turmeric that can be grown in India, including Salem, Duggirala, Suguna, and Pragati. Each variety has its own unique characteristics, such as yield, flavor, and color.
Season/Months for growing Turmeric in India
Turmeric is a tropical plant and requires a warm and humid climate for optimal growth. It can be grown in India throughout the year, but the best time to plant turmeric is during the monsoon season (June-July) or just before it. This ensures that the plants have adequate moisture for growth.
Soil conditions and temperature needed
Turmeric grows best in well-drained loamy soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil pH should be between 5.5 and 7.5. The ideal temperature range for turmeric growth is between 20-30°C.
Caring for turmeric in different weeks
In the first few weeks after planting, it is important to keep the soil moist and weed-free. After 2-3 weeks, apply a balanced fertilizer to the soil. As the plant grows, it may need to be staked to prevent it from falling over. In the later stages of growth, watering should be reduced to allow the plant to mature and the rhizomes to harden.
Turmeric is usually harvested 7-10 months after planting, when the leaves start to turn yellow and dry up. The rhizomes can then be dug up and cleaned for use.
Turmeric is rich in curcumin, a compound that has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It also contains iron, potassium, and vitamin C.
How much can one harvest from a small kitchen garden?
The yield of turmeric depends on several factors such as the variety, soil quality, and growing conditions. A small kitchen garden can yield up to 2-3 kg of turmeric per plant.
Turmeric is a valuable addition to any Indian kitchen garden. It is relatively easy to grow and provides a steady supply of fresh turmeric roots that can be used in cooking or for medicinal purposes. With the right care and growing conditions, turmeric can be a productive and rewarding crop for any home gardener.