Wax Apple

Wax Apple : An Exquisite Tropical Fruit

Syzygium samarangense, commonly known as the wax apple or rose apple, is a tropical fruit tree belonging to the Myrtaceae family. This tree, native to Southeast Asia, is renowned for its visually appealing and delicious fruit. With its distinct features and versatile applications, Syzygium samarangense has gained popularity not only in its original regions but also across the globe.

Common NameWax Apple or Rose Apple
Scientific NameSyzygium samarangense
NativitySoutheast Asia
Climatic conditionsThrives in tropical and subtropical climates
States in India foundKerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, West Bengal


The wax apple tree is believed to have originated in Malaysia and Indonesia, where it grows abundantly in the wild. From its native regions, it has spread to various parts of Asia, including India, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines. Flourishing in tropical and subtropical climates, this tree’s cultivation has expanded to other areas with similar weather conditions.

Characteristics of the Tree 

Syzygium samarangense is an evergreen, medium-sized tree, typically reaching a height of 10-15 meters. It boasts a dense, symmetrical crown adorned with glossy, dark green leaves, providing an enchanting backdrop to its bountiful fruits. This tree exhibits remarkable adaptability to different soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soils. It thrives in well-drained soil and requires regular watering to ensure robust growth.

Description of the Fruit and Uses 

The fruit of Syzygium samarangense is the main attraction of this tree. It features a bell-shaped or pear-shaped structure, displaying hues ranging from pale green to red, depending on its maturity. The fruit’s name, “wax apple,” originates from its thin, waxy skin. When opened, the fruit unveils a crispy, juicy flesh, which can be either white or pink, depending on the variety. The taste is wonderfully sweet and mildly aromatic, making it highly favored among fruit enthusiasts.

In addition to its delightful flavor, the wax apple offers numerous health benefits. It is a rich source of dietary fiber, vitamins C and A, and antioxidants, contributing to overall well-being. The fruit possesses cooling properties and is often consumed during sweltering summer months to quench thirst and provide a refreshing sensation. It can be enjoyed raw, added to fruit salads, incorporated into juices and smoothies, or utilized in various culinary creations and desserts.

Distribution in India In India

Syzygium samarangense is extensively cultivated in several states, including Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. The favorable climate and soil conditions in these regions make them ideal for the growth of this fruit tree. The fruit is highly sought after in local markets, where it is relished as a seasonal delicacy. Furthermore, the tree’s ornamental value has made it a popular choice for landscaping gardens and parks throughout the country.


Syzygium samarangense, with its exquisite tree and delectable fruit, holds a special place in the hearts of fruit enthusiasts. Originating in Southeast Asia, it has spread to the tropical regions of India, captivating individuals with its vibrant colors, refreshing taste, and health benefits. Whether consumed fresh or utilized in culinary endeavors, the wax apple continues to captivate both locals and enthusiasts worldwide. Its versatility and unique qualities contribute to its treasured status within the realm of tropical fruits.

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