Edible-nest swiftlet 

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet, a tiny bird with a big name, is a master builder and a connoisseur’s delight. Nestled in the limestone caves of Southeast Asia, these avian architects construct glistening nests using their saliva, which hardens into a delicate, translucent material that’s prized in traditional Chinese cuisine for its supposed health benefits.

Watching these swiftlets dart through the air with astonishing speed and agility, one can’t help but marvel at their skill and grace. Their wings slice through the air like sharp blades, their bodies contorting and twisting in fluid movements that seem almost effortless. And when they return to their nests, they delicately add to their intricate structures, crafting each layer with precision and care.

Serial NumberCharacteristicDescription
1Common NameEdible-nest swiftlet
2Scientific NameAerodramus fuciphagus
3ColourDark grey-brown with paler underparts
4Average length in cms9 cm
5Average Height in cms10 cm
6Type of birdForest bird
7Found in India in statesAndaman and Nicobar Islands, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland
8HabitatFound in forests, caves and buildings
9StatusLeast Concern


The Edible-Nest Swiftlet is a small bird with a distinctive appearance. It measures about 10 to 11 centimeters in length, with a wingspan of approximately 20 centimeters. Its body is slender and streamlined, allowing it to navigate through the air with incredible speed and agility.

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet has a dark, glossy plumage that’s almost black in color, with a slightly bluish sheen. Its wings are long and narrow, tapering to a sharp point, and are perfectly adapted for swift and nimble flight. Its tail is short and forked, providing stability in the air.

One of the most interesting physical features of the Edible-Nest Swiftlet is its unique saliva nests. These nests are built by the birds using strands of their own saliva, which harden into a delicate, transparent material. The nests are incredibly complex structures that can take up to 35 days to build, and can be up to 10 centimeters in diameter.

Habitat and Food

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet is found primarily in Southeast Asia, where it inhabits limestone caves and cliffs in forested areas. These caves provide ideal nesting sites for the swiftlets, as they offer protection from predators and the elements.

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet is an insectivore, meaning it feeds primarily on insects such as flies, beetles, and termites. It hunts these insects in flight, using its incredible speed and maneuverability to catch its prey mid-air. The swiftlet is also known to occasionally eat small spiders.

However, the most unique aspect of the Edible-Nest Swiftlet’s diet is the consumption of its own saliva nests. These nests are harvested by humans for use in traditional Chinese cuisine, where they are believed to have medicinal properties. The swiftlets themselves will also eat their own nests, possibly to replenish nutrients lost during the nesting process.

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet has a unique digestive system that allows it to extract nutrients from its saliva nests. The bird produces a special enzyme that breaks down the nest material, allowing it to digest the nutrients contained within.

Nesting and Nurturing

The Edible-Nest Swiftlet is well-known for its unique nesting habits. The birds use strands of their own saliva to construct nests that are suspended from the ceilings of limestone caves. 

During the breeding season, Edible-Nest Swiftlets lay one to two eggs in each nest. The eggs are small, measuring only about 18mm in length, and have a white or cream color. The incubation period is about 19 to 21 days, with both parents taking turns to sit on the eggs and keep them warm.

Once the eggs hatch, the chicks are completely dependent on their parents for care. The parents regurgitate partially digested insects into the chicks’ mouths, providing them with the nutrition they need to grow and develop. The chicks grow rapidly and are ready to leave the nest after about 40 to 50 days.

The swiftlets often return to the same nest year after year, adding new layers to the structure each breeding season. Over time, the nests can become quite large and complex, and can even weigh up to half a kilogram.

IUCN Status

The Edible-nest Swiftlet has been classified as a species of “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This means that the species is not considered to be facing any significant threats to its survival at the global level.

However, the harvesting of the birds’ saliva nests for use in traditional Chinese cuisine has become a significant industry in some parts of Southeast Asia. This practice has led to concerns about the sustainability of the swiftlet populations, as excessive harvesting can deplete nesting sites and reduce the birds’ breeding success.

Additionally, habitat loss and degradation due to deforestation and limestone quarrying have also impacted the species in some regions. These threats are not currently significant enough to warrant a higher conservation status, but they do highlight the importance of continued monitoring and conservation efforts to ensure the long-term survival of this remarkable bird species.

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