The Enchanting World of the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher


The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher is not just another bird but an artistic marvel of nature. Resembling a painter’s palette splashed with a vibrant mix of colors, this tiny gem of the bird world is an unparalleled treat for any bird lover. It’s a bird that adds splashes of color to the bird sanctuaries and forests it calls home. The very mention of its name conjures up a bird image name of bright lilac, blue, and yellow against the backdrop of dense, tropical forests. For those who treasure bird photos and keep bird PNG files for reference, or even frequent a bird shop near me, knowing this bird is like adding a rare stamp to their collection. This article offers an all-encompassing look at the dazzling Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher.


Serial NumberCharacteristicsDescription
1Common nameOriental Dwarf Kingfisher
2BinomialCeyx erithaca
3ColourLilac-rufous, dark blue, pale yellow-orange
4Average length12.5–14 cm
5Average height12.5–14 cm
6Type of birdForest and wetland-dwelling
7Found in IndiaYes, across the Indian subcontinent
8HabitatForests, alluvial forests, mangroves
9IUCN StatusLeast Concern

Features of the Bird


At 12.5–14 cm, the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher isn’t just a bird. It’s a pocket-sized wonder. Don’t let its size fool you; what it lacks in length, it makes up for in vibrant colors and unmatched agility. You could visit a bird sanctuary full of grand, towering species, but this tiny kingfisher will undoubtedly steal the show. It’s perfect for bird photos or as a reference bird PNG because its compact size makes it easier to observe without intimidating other species. This bird demands to be included in any birdlife sanctuary that appreciates biodiversity in all sizes.


The height of the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher—measured from the base of the feet to the tip of its beak when placed vertically—is about the same as its length, ranging from 12.5 to 14 cm. This makes it a well-balanced, symmetrical bird. In fact, it’s a bird that would fit quite comfortably in a small birdhouse, making it an exciting subject for bird lovers who are into bird nesting. However, unlike a bird shop near me, which may offer a variety of birdhouses, the kingfisher prefers its natural habitat for nesting.

Running Speed

When it comes to speed, this bird is no slouch. Although it is not known for long flights or swift running, it is agile and quick when it needs to be—qualities that come in handy when capturing prey or evading predators. While you might not see it racing like a sprinter, its agility and nimbleness are noteworthy. When bird migration season comes, its speed helps it relocate without much fuss. It can quickly become the focus of any birdlife sanctuary, capturing the interest of every bird lover who visits.


The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher is a rainbow incarnate. If you enjoy bird photos or PNG collections, you cannot afford to miss out on this species. The lilac-rufous crown, the dark blue back, and the pale yellow-orange underparts are just the beginning. It’s a bird that carries an entire spectrum on its wings. This makes it an instant attraction for any bird or birdlife sanctuary fortunate to be its home.

Habitat and Food of the Bird

  1. Location: Forest and wetland-dwelling, often near forest streams and ponds.
  1. Preferred Habitat: Deciduous and evergreen primary and secondary forests.
  1. Diet: Primarily insects, including mantises and grasshoppers, but also small crabs, fish, and frogs.
  1. Adaptability: Found in various habitats including mangroves and overgrown rubber gardens.
  1. Human Influence: Affected by clearing of forest habitats and drying of ponds.

Nesting and Nurturing

The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher has a unique nesting behavior. The nesting season is dictated by geographical location but generally aligns with the local monsoons. The nests are often well away from water, quite unlike what one would expect from a kingfisher. The nest is usually a horizontal tunnel, about 15–100 cm long and 3.8-4.5 cm in diameter, leading to an unlined egg chamber. This kind of bird nest can be an exciting addition to the natural architecture of a bird sanctuary.


Unfortunately, the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher faces various threats primarily due to human activities. The most significant issue is habitat destruction due to clearing of forest lands. Other challenges include pollution, drying of ponds and streams, electric lines, and human persecution, particularly from fishermen. These threats, while manageable, require concerted conservation efforts to ensure the bird’s survival.

IUCN Status and Conservation

Currently, the Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher is classified under ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN. However, with decreasing population trends, effective conservation methods must be implemented.


The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher is more than just a bird; it’s a marvel of nature waiting to be discovered. Whether you are into bird photos, love to browse bird png, or are planning a visit to a bird sanctuary or bird shop near me, this bird is bound to captivate your heart and imagination.

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